The conditions that we live in today are such that there is never a dearth for skin problems. Uneven skin tone is one such worry that bothers both men and women. The trouble surfaces as you step into mid-twenties or early thirties. Pollution, sun exposure, and many other factors contribute to the formation of dark spots, black marks, or discoloration on the skin. Here is a quick read on what you need to know about uneven skin tone, and how you can get rid of it.
What causes uneven skin tone?
Uneven skin tone, also often referred to as hyperpigmentation, occurs when there is excess melanin production in certain areas of the skin, causing them to appear darker than the rest. Hyperpigmentation can occur due to various factors. The first and most commonly found reason is sun exposure. This is found over areas of the skin that come in contact with direct sunlight. A fluctuation in the hormone levels too can give rise to hyperpigmentation. This may be caused by pregnancy or use of birth control pills. A skin injury or trauma too can result in black spots or marks on the skin.
How to treat uneven skin tone?
- Sun protection – exposure to the sun is usually the culprit in most cases of hyperpigmentation. Sunlight can also aggravate existing dark spots and age marks. Protect your skin with a sunscreen or sun guard product every time you step out of the house. This helps prevent new ones from forming, and old ones from worsening. When using sunscreens, opt for an SPF based on the climactic or geographic conditions, and also according to the duration of exposure. The higher SPF, the better you will be protected and for long hours. Use those that are sweat and waterproof, like Neutrogena Ultra Sheer Dry Touch Sunblock.
- Exfoliation – Exfoliation helps remove dead and dull skin cells. It brightens up your skin instantly and also makes way for better penetration of creams and serums that are used to treat hyperpigmentation. Exfoliate your skin once or twice in a week using a gentle product like the Plum Grape Seed and Sea Buckthorn Mild Foam Scrub. Not just your facial skin, but the one on your body too benefits from this procedure.
- Brightening products – there are many products available in the market that help treat dark spots, age spots, acne marks, and so on. These include day creams, night creams, serums, and spot correctors formulated with brightening ingredients. Kaya’s Blemish Control Formula is a great product in treating acne and post-acne marks. Olay’s White Radiance Brightening Intensice Day cream penetrates deep into the sub-layers of the epidermal cells to bring natural radiance. If you have stubbon spots, then Kaya’s Brightening Serum Intense Clarity is just for you.
When treating uneven skin tone, it is important to identify the type of hyperpigmentation and its root cause. It is advisable to take medical help in this regard, especially if your marks are stubborn, or are caused by hormonal imbalance. Chemical peels or laser treatments may be suggested by dermatologist depending on the severity of the hyperpigmentation. Medicines for topical treatment or internal consumption may also be prescribed. The key to an effective treatment of uneven skin tone lies in a solution that gives you long lasting results, and can often come from a combination of more than one product(s)/treatment methods.
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