Whether it is summer or winter, sunny or not so, there is one thing we always have to be wary of when going out – the UV rays. Skin care expert, and leading dermatologist, Dr Rashmi Shetty says, “We need to be careful of both the UVA and UVB rays. UVB rays penetrate the epidermal or outer layer of the skin. It causes damages at DNA level which can change the skin structure. UVA not only harms epidermal cells, it also damages collagen and elastin, which make up the structure of the dermis and keep the skin resilient. Blood vessels can also be harmed.” As a result, you start noticing signs of photoaging.
Signs of sun damage
- Fine lines around the mouth and eyes.
- Frown line between the brows
- Pigmentation like spots, and freckles
- Uneven skin tone
- Lips look shrunk
- Skin redness, and leathery texture
- Increased skin sensitivity
- Avoid direct sun exposure as much as possible between 11 am and 3 pm
- Cover your skin as much as possible by wearing full sleeve dresses and shirts, hats or scarves, and sunglasses
- Wear a minimum SPF 30, broad-spectrum sunscreen that protects against UVB and UVA. Reapply after swimming or heavy exertion.
- Once you are back from the sun wash your face and apply anti-tanning gel to soothe redness.
- Drink lots of fluid and juices that rich in antioxidants.
Your sun care kit: Neutrogena Ultra Sheer Dry Touch Sun Block SPF 50+, Avene Sun Care Lotion SPF 50+, Lotus Herbals Safe Sun 3-in-1 Matte Look Daily Sunblock SPF 40.