The skin care world like every skin care enthusiast will tell you, is all about—Ingredients, Ingredients, Ingredients! You’ve got to know everything about the stuff that you slather on the largest organ of your body, and there are a few top ingredients you should always keep an eye out for. In case you don’t know what these are, here’s a quick round-up.
One of the buzziest ingredients in beauty, Alpha Hydroxy Acids or AHAs work wonders for the skin. They’re great for exfoliation and mostly derived from sources like milk, apples, citrus fruits and nuts. You’ll find them on product labels under names like Lactic Acid, Glycolic Acid, Malic acid etc. The primary function of AHAs is to remove old and dead skin cells and make way for the new. Some products laden with AHAs are —
The other popular member of the hydroxy-acids family, BHA stands for Beta Hydroxy Acids; BHAs are exfoliants too, but of the stronger kind. The most renowned BHA in skin care is—Salicylic Acid (extracted from willow tree bark, wintergreen oil or sweet birch). Omnipresent in acne-fighting products, this miracle-worker is lipophilic (means it’s attracted to oil). It goes deep into your pores and rids them of that sickly oil that leads to breakouts. Here are some products which have it—
We don’t think this one needs an introduction, but for skin care noobs, this magical word is a part of every anti-ageing spell. A vitamin-A derivative—retinol helps battle the need for Botox. It improves collagen production, plumps skin, reduces fine lines, shrinks pores and basically gives you the skin of your dreams.
Retinol can cause a little irritation at the beginning (as the skin takes a few weeks to adjust to it), but it’s long-term rewards are worth a month of redness. Reap retinol benefits with these products—
This acid is produced naturally in the human body and found in large concentrations near the joints and eyes. Its function is to retain moisture and keep tissues lubricated and moist. It also assists in faster wound healing. But like most good things, it depletes with age, so the skin can always use more of its goodness. Using hyaluronic acid products helps keep your skin hydrated and fine-line free for long. There’re tons of products infused with this wonder-worker, some of our favourites are—
Also known as Nicotinamide, Niacinamide is a form of Vitamin B3—an essential nutrient. It builds keratin, retains moisture, and fights environmental skin damage. While you can manufacture this nutrient by sticking to a balanced diet, applying it topically is the best way to deal with skin concerns. Also, pairing it with Hyaluronic acid helps increase its absorption. You’ll find millions of products containing niacinamide and can choose from anything from sheet masks to serums.